107 Jamz Celebrates Black History Month – Today In Black History February 27th [VIDEO]
This Black History month we salute African American who made American history.
February 27, 1833 On this day in 1833, Maria W. Steward delivered one of the four speeches which confirmed her place in history as the first American-born woman to give public lectures of any race. However her lectures focused on encouraging African-Americans to attain education, political rights, and public recognition for their achievements. It was on this day that she delivered a powerful speech “On African Rights and Liberty” at the African Masonic Hall in Boston.
On this day in 1869 the first Black elected to the U.S. Congress, John W. Menard, spoke out in his on defense for being denied a seat by the body in Louisiana’s Second Congressional District. Congressman James A. Garfield of the examining committee said “it was too early to admit a Negro to the U.S. Congress.” By the way, Menard was also the first Black to make a speech in Congress.
Born in Kalkaska, Ill he served as a clerk in the U.S. Department of Interior during the Civil War. In 1865 he moved to New Orleans, where he became active in the Republican Party(during this time all blacks were republicans) serving as inspector of customs and later as a commissioner of streets. He also published a newspaper, The Free South, which was called The Radical Standard. Elected to Congress from Louisiana in 1868 to fill an unfinished term, Menard failed to overcome an election challenge by the loser and Congress refused to seat either man.
In 1871 he moved to Florida, where he was again active in the Republican Party and published the Island City News in Jacksonville. Finally in, 1868 he became the first black Congressman in US history. Defeating a white man by a vote of 5,107 to 2,833 to represent Louisiana’s Second Congressional District in the 40th Congress. He died on Oct. 8, 1893 in Washington, D.C.
In 1902 on this day, world-renowned opera singer and the first African American soloist to perform at the White House, Marian Anderson, was is born in Philadelphia, PA.
On this day in black history in 1942, Journalist Charlayne Hunter was born this day in Due West, South Carolina.
February 27, 1964 Anna Julia Cooper died. Cooper was not only an author and educator, but she was a speaker as well. Some more notable speeches were delivered at the World’s Congress of Representative Women in Chicago in 1893 (in which she was one of three black women invited to speak).
At age of sixty-five, she became the fourth black woman in American history to earn a Doctorate of Philosophy degree. On this day in 1964, she died at the ripe old age of 105. Her memorial was held in a chapel on the campus of Saint Augustine’s College, where her academic career began. She was buried alongside her husband at the City Cemetery in Raleigh.
By the way, pages 26 and 27 of every new United States passport contains her following quotation: “The cause of freedom is not the cause of a race or a sect, a party or a class – it is the cause of humankind, the very birthright of humanity.” Because of her contributions, in 2009, the United States Postal Service released a commemorative stamp in Cooper’s honor.