2002- Vonetta Flowers becomes the first African American athlete to win a gold medal at the Winter Olympics.
1992- Movie director John Singleton becomes the first African American Director nominated for an Academy Award.
John Singleton became the first African American director to be nominated for a Academy Award in the Best Director and Best Screenplay for his first film Boyz N the Hood.
1942- Tuskegee Airmen is initiated.
The Army Air Corps' all African American 100th Pursuit Squadron was activated at Tuskegee Institute. Later designated a fighter squadron, the Tuskegee Airmen served America honorably in England and in other regions of the European continent during World War II.
1940- Smokey Robinson is born.
Motown legend William "Smokey" Robinson was born on this day in Detroit, Michigan. His first singing group was the Miracles, which he formed in 1955 while still in high school. The group's first successful single was their 1960 hit, "Shop Around."
1919- The Pan-African Congress Meeting is held.
Pan-African Congress was organized by W.E.B. Du Bois and was a series of seven meetings, with the 1st held in 1919 in Paris. The meetings were intended to address the issues facing Africa as a result of European colonization of most of the continent.
The Pan-African Congress made significant headway and formed the reputation as a peace maker for decolonization in Africa and in the West Indies. One of the demands was to end colonial rule, end racial discrimination, and it demanded human rights and equality of economic opportunity.